How to Prepare Food and Jars for Canning

How to Prepare Food and Jars for Canning

How to Prepare Food and Jars for Canning.

Wash the food, then chop it into even pieces if necessary. Prepared food should be placed aside for the raw-pack technique. When using the hot-pack technique, put the meal in a big pot, cover with water, and heat until it boils. 2 to 5 minutes of simmering

Fill the clean jars with hot, but not boiling, water, and place them on a rack in a saucepan of water to sterilize them. Ensure that the water level is at least 1 inch over the rims. Boil the water for 10 minutes after bringing it to a boil. Keep jars warm.

Take out a container, and quickly put food inside. Pack it firmly if utilizing the raw-pack approach. If using a hot pack, fill the heated jar just partially.

Fill the jar with syrup, juice, or extremely hot water as directed in the recipe until the food is completely covered. Give yourself plenty of headroom.

Remove air bubbles from food by pushing it down hard with a nonmetallic tool.

To ensure tight closure, thoroughly wipe the jar rim with a clean cloth.

Place the lid in place and use the screw ring to fasten it.

Keep going back to steps 3, 4, and 5 until every jar is full. For the canning procedure, save the water used to sterilize the jars. For boiling-water bath canning,

Canning for Boiling-Water-Baths

The actions listed below are based on USDA advice.

  • Once the jars have been packed and secured with screw rings and lids, fill the canner halfway with water (or use the water saved from sterilizing the jars for half of the water) and heat it to 140°F for raw-pack food or 180°F for hot-pack food.
    In the canner, put the jars.
  • You have two options: either set the packed jars on the canner rack first and then use the handles to lower the rack into the hot water, or place the empty rack in the canner first and then load the jars onto the rack using the jar lifter.

  • Add boiling water until it is at least 2 inches over the tops of the jars.
  • Verify that the water level is at least 2 inches above the jar lids by measuring the water level. If extra hot water is required, add it.
    To a clean cloth, remove the jars from the canner.
  • Briskly bring the water to a boil.
  • As soon as the water begins to boil quickly, start a timer and set it for the number of minutes recommended in the recipe. During the processing, cover with the lid and lower the heat just enough to maintain a gently boil in the water. Make certain to account for altitude.
  • Verify that the water level in the canner is still 2 inches over the jars and, if required, add boiling water.
  • After the allotted amount of time has passed, turn off the heat and remove the lid while keeping your face away from the hot steam that will soon be released.
  • Position a folded towel next to the canner on the counter. The jars may be lifted out using a jar lifter and placed on the cloth. To ensure enough airflow, space them at least 1 inch apart.

Using pressure cans
The actions listed below are based on USDA advice.

Go through your pressure canner’s user guide once again.

  1. Place the rack in the canner and add 2 to 3 inches of water after packing the jars and attaching the lids and screw rings. Use the jar lifter to place the full jars on the rack, or fill the rack before putting it in the canner. Put the canner’s lid on and tighten it down.
    Place the rack with the filled jars.
  2. Either remove the weight or open the petcock. high heat till steam is produced.
  3. After 10 minutes of high heat, stop heating by shutting the petcock or adding weight to the vent port. The following three to five minutes will see the pressure increase.
  4. Set the timer for the amount of time required in the recipe when the dial gauge reaches the necessary pressure or the petcock starts to jiggle or rock. For every 1,000 feet above sea level, the pressure should be raised at high elevations.
    Securely close the canner lid.
  5. Keep the temperature at or slightly higher than the designated gauge pressure.
    Depending on the manufacturer, weighted gauges may jitter two to three times each minute or rock gently. Avoid extreme temperature changes, which might push the liquid from jars and compromise the seal.
  6. After the allotted time has passed, turn off the heat, if possible remove the canner from the burner, and allow it to depressurize.
  7. Don’t accelerate depressurization by using cold water. As a result, there is a chance that the jars may leak liquid, the seals will fail, and the lid may deform. Keep the vent outlet closed. Allow it to settle for 45 or 30 minutes (for pints) (for quarts). Newer types include vent locks that show when pressure is normal and cool more rapidly.
  8. Remove the weight or open the petcock when the pressure is normal. Before releasing the lid’s fasteners and removing it, let it for two minutes to settle. Face back to prevent steam from escaping.
  9. Remove the jars using the jar lifter and set them on a cloth that has been folded. To ensure enough airflow, space them at least 1 inch apart.


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